Air Ambulance Card is committed to provide our readers with up-to-date travel information and alerts, including information about the Zika Virus.
Please visit the Center for Disease Control and Prevention for more information.
The following information was provided by the TRAVEL HEALTH PROVIDER PROGRAM March 2017 NEWSLETTER
Current Zika Virus Recommendations
- CURRENT PREGNANCY: Women who are pregnant (in any trimester) should not travel to areas with Zika virus transmission. Men who have traveled to an area of active Zika virus transmission who have a pregnant partner should abstain from sexual activity or consistently and correctly use condoms during sexual intercourse for the duration of the pregnancy.
- MOSQUITO AVOIDANCE: Prevent mosquito bites while traveling to areas with Zika virus transmission, and for three weeks after returning to the U.S.
- PLANNING PREGNANCY: Women and their partners who are thinking about pregnancy after possible exposure to Zika virus should talk with their doctor or health care provider. Women should wait at least eight weeks after travel before trying to get pregnant. Men should either consistently and correctly use condoms during sexual intercourse or not have sexual intercourse for at least six months after travel to an area with Zika virus transmission.
- SYMPTOMS AFTER TRAVEL: Zika virus testing should be offered to people with symptoms of Zika virus disease, including pregnant women and others who develop symptoms during or following travel.
Outbreaks & Security Concerns
- Local transmission of Zika virus has been reported in Cape Verde. Please refer to the Current Zika virus Recommendations above on how to prevent Zika virus infection.
- Zika virus is endemic in the following African countries: Angola, Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Cote d’Ivoire, Egypt, Ethiopia, Gabon, Guine Bissau, Kenya, Liberia, Mali, Mozambique, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda and Zambia. Risk of Zika virus infection is low to travelers, but the CDC advises that women who are pregnant or planning to become pregnant discuss their travel plans with a doctor and for all travelers to follow mosquito prevention steps while traveling to these countries.
- Cases of polio have been reported in Nigeria. The CDC recommends that all travelers to Nigeria be fully vaccinated against polio. In addition, adults who have been fully vaccinated should receive a single lifetime booster dose of polio vaccine.
- As of January 16, 2017, there have been 120 new confirmed cases of human Avian Influenza (H7N9) in China. Travelers to China should practice hygiene and cleanliness, eat food that is fully cooked, and avoid touching birds.
- Local transmission of Zika virus has been reported in Singapore. Please refer to the Current Zika Virus Recommendations above on how to prevent Zika virus infection.
- The CDC has issued special travel considerations for Zika virus endemic countries in Southeast Asia. Travelers have returned from certain areas of Southeast Asia with Zika virus infection. These countries have either reported local Zika virus transmission or are next to countries with known Zika virus transmission. Because of this, the CDC recommends pregnant women should consult with their health care provider and consider postponing nonessential travel to countries listed. Travel notices have not been issued for these destinations but would be considered if the number of cases rises to the level of an outbreak. Currently, countries included in this notice are:Brunei, Burma (Myanmar), Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Maldives, Philippines, Thailand, Timor-Leste (East Timor), and Vietnam. Please refer to the Current Zika Virus Recommendations above on how to prevent Zika virus infection.
- An ongoing outbreak of yellow fever has been reported in Brazil as of December 2016. Travelers should consult with a yellow fever vaccine provider to determine if they should be vaccinated. Because of a shortage of yellow fever vaccine, travelers may need to contact a yellow fever provider well in advance of travel.
- Local transmission of Zika virus has been reported in multiple countries in the Caribbean, Central, and South America:
- Central America: Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, and Panama
- Caribbean: Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Aruba, Bahamas, Barbados, Bonaire, British Virgin Islands, Cayman Islands, Cuba, Curacao, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Haiti, Jamaica, Martinique Montserrat, Puerto Rico, Saba, Saint Barthelemy, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Martin, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Sint Eustatius, Sint Maarten, Trinidad and Tobago, Turks and Caicos, and US Virgin Islands
- South America: Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, and Venezuela
- Please refer to the Current Zika Virus Recommendations above on how to prevent Zika virus infection.
- A measles outbreak has been reported in Romania. The CDC recommends that travelers to Romania protect themselves by making sure they are vaccinated against measles, particularly infants 6-11 months of age and children 12 months of age or older.
- Cases of MERS (Middle East Respiratory Syndrome) have been identified in multiple countries in the Arabian Peninsula. The CDC does not recommend that travelers change their plans because of MERS.
- Local transmission of Zika virus has been reported in areas of South Florida as well as Brownsville, Texas. The CDC has issued guidance for people who live in or traveled to areas of South Florida any time after June 15th, 2016 and for Brownsville, Texas any time after November 28th, 2016. Please refer to the Current Zika Virus Recommendations above on how to prevent Zika virus infection.
- Local transmission of Zika virus has been reported in American Samoa, Fiji, Kosrae (Federated States of Micronesia), Marshall Islands, New Caledonia, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Samoa, and Tonga. Please refer to the Current Zika Virus Recommendations above on how to prevent Zika virus infection.
- Clinical Update Announcement: Cholera Vaccine for Travelers
- Updated Interim CDC Guidance for Travel to and from Countries Affected by the New Polio Vaccine Requirements
- Clinical Update Announcement: Yellow Fever Vaccine Shortage
- Key Messages – Zika Virus Disease
- Zika Virus Information for Healthcare Providers
- Zika Virus Training for Healthcare Providers
- Seasonal Flu Information for Health Professionals
Continuing Medical Education Courses
The CDC offers free continuing education courses through the Training and Continuing Education Online Website.
For More Information
- Pre-Travel Providers’ Rapid Evaluation Portal (Pre-Travel PREP)
Up-to-date CDC recommendations based on your international traveler’s destination(s), age, and medical condition(s)
- United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Destination-specific travel health information, recommendations, and notices http://www.cdc.gov/travel | (800) CDC-INFO | (800) 232-4636